The bathroom faucet is just as important as any part of a room. In fact, they are often referred to as the “crown jewels” of a bathroom. Though it may be a small element in the design, it has the potential to create an impact in the overall look and feel of a bathroom. An antique brass faucet , for example, can give out an old world feel, while high end faucets can elevate the ambiance of a simple bathroom into a spa like environment.
Bathroom faucets are available in a wide array of designs, finishes and types. Some even have special features, which make them even more interesting. The choices are thousands and the design possibilities are endless.
With the myriad of bathroom faucet designs available in the market, selecting the right one can be quite confusing. Before choosing bathroom faucets, it is important to have an idea on a few of its characteristics. Below, we give you our ultimate guide on bathroom faucets to help you decide which is the best one for your home.
Types of Bathroom Faucets
Choosing the right type of faucet for your bathroom can be a daunting task especially that the market offers thousands of choices. What even makes it more confusing and overwhelming is that they are classified in several ways – from the way they look, their finish, the type of operation they use, their size and configuration. But having an idea on bathroom faucet types will help simplify this dilemma.
The type of configuration of a faucet pertains to the general form of a faucet – the number of pieces or parts it has, the position of the handles and the number of holes it requires to be fitted into a sink or counter.
Typically, bathroom faucets require a provision of one to three holes drilled into a sink or counter. The faucet handles, on the other hand, range from one to two pieces. Here are some of the most common type of bathroom faucets:
Center set faucet
The center set faucet is one of the most common types of bathroom faucets available in the market. It comes in a single piece and is composed of a spout and a handle. Center set faucets may either have one or two pieces of handles mounted on a single base unit. These allow for the control of the hot and cold water.
Bathroom faucets that are center set are suitable for standard basins and sinks that have standard three holes. They are also usually referred to as a “4 inch center set faucet” because typically the measurement of the distance between the outer holes are drilled four inches apart (thus the handles are also four inches apart). One of the most common types of center set faucets include double handles which are mounted on a six inch plate.
Most homeowners opt for the center set faucet because of its simplicity – it comes in a perfect size and is convenient and easy to use. It is deal for most bathroom sinks and comes in a variety of styles in the market.
Single hole bathroom faucet
Single hole faucets, as its name suggests, combines both the spout and the mixing handles into one unit, requiring only a single drilled hole for installation. It is composed of one stem and may have one or two levers or handles attached to a single spout which allow for the control of the temperature and water flow. A faucet, whether it may have a single or double lever, as long as it only requires one hole for installation, is still classified as a single hole faucet.
In some cases, wherein the sink has an existing three hole opening, a single hole faucet may be retrofitted using a model that has a wide bottom plate that will cover the excess holes. This type of bathroom sink faucet is ideal for smaller sinks and is more commonly used in small bathrooms, powder rooms and half baths.
Just like center set faucets, single hole faucets are preferred by most homeowners because of their simplicity and easy operation. But it is much more easier and simpler to install.
Bridge faucets is a single piece of tap wherein a spout and two levers branch off. Known for its bridge like design, this type of bathroom faucet has two separate levers for controlling the hot and cold water, connected to a spout in the middle.
If the two previous types of bathroom sink faucets require one and three holes for installation, the bridge faucet, on the other hand, requires two drilled holes on the bathroom countertop or sink. This type of bathroom sink faucet is mounter over the top of the bathroom countertop or sink, allowing for easy access in terms of cleaning and maintenance.
Known for its old fashioned design, the bridge faucet is typically used in classic style toilet and bathrooms. It is often used for undermount sinks.
Unlike the center set faucet which is a single piece faucet that comes with a base, a spread fit faucet is composed of three separate pieces that are mounted on top of a bathroom sink or countertop- a main spout and two separate levers or handles installed on each side for controlling the water and its temperature.
In terms of installation, the spread fit faucet is very much similar to a center set faucet, but the difference is that requires three holes – one for each piece. Typically, these holes are drilled at a standard distance of 8 inches but may go up to 10 inches away from each other.
The parts of spread fit faucets tend to be larger than other types of bathroom sink faucets. Spread fit faucets are also sometimes referred to as “widespread mounts”. Smaller versions of the spread fit faucet, which are designed to be installed at 4 inches apart are called “mini spreads”.
One characteristic which sets spread fit faucets apart from the rest of the types of bathroom sink faucets is its versatility and flexibility in terms of design. Aside from the standard configurations, the layout of the spread fit’s faucet main spout and handles may be modified and mounted in different ways. Aside from the typical straight layout, you can install it in any way you like, allowing them to be used even in smaller bathroom sinks and countertops. For example, the main spout can be installed in the rear corner, while the two handles are both placed on one side.
If you are looking for a bathroom sink faucet that has a refined look to it, then this is the right choice for you. The spread fit faucet can be used in a variety of bathroom design styles, whether traditional, classic, contemporary or modern.
Wall mount bathroom faucet
Wall mounted faucets, as its name suggests, are attached to the wall directly rather than being installed on top of the bathroom counter or sink. This type of bathroom sink faucet is typically used for vessel type sinks, freestanding sinks and basins which require longer spouts. The length of a wall mounted faucet usually extends to the top of the bowl so that the water can flow fully into the basin without any spills. It is also highly suitable for vanity countertops which have a floating or cantilevered design.
This type of bathroom sink faucet is one of the most popular types currently being used in interior design. Its streamlined look, clean appearance and utilitarian sensibilities make it highly suitable for modern and contemporary style bathrooms. You can find wall mounted faucets in a wide variety of finishes, styles, colors and sizes in the market.
Aside from its modern aesthetics, one of the extra benefits that a wall mounted bathroom faucet sink has to offer is easy maintenance. With this type of bathroom sink faucet, it is easier to keep the surrounding area of your bathroom sink clean. There are no taps mounted on the deck of your bathroom sink, thus no calcium deposits and dirt build ups to worry about. Sometimes, a faucet mounted on top a sink or countertop gets in the way of cleaning.
There are several things to consider when choosing the right wall mount faucet for your bathroom sink. These are (1) existing plumbing layout in the bathroom walls, (2) the manufacturer’s specifications for the correct height of the faucet, (3) the size of your sink.
Before you decide on getting a wall mount bathroom faucet, make sure that the existing plumbing layout in your bathroom walls can accommodate it, if not, think of reorganizing the fixtures around the walls. In terms of installation, take note of the proper height and correct placement as this will minimize splashing. Also, choose a wall mount faucet that correlates to the size of your bathroom sink. The length of the tap must be enough and the spout must be just above the center of the bowl. When the faucet is opened, the position of the water stream must be behind the sink drain and the clearance in between the tap and the top of the sink or basin must have a minimum measurement of one inch.
The waterfall faucet is another unique innovation in bathroom fixture design. It has been around for quite some time, but has only gained popularity in the recent years.
The traditional design of bathroom faucets typically include an aerated hole through which the water flows or passes,almost as if lacking “movement” and dynamics. This is what the waterfall faucet addresses — as it is designed in a such a way that the water pours while mimicking its natural flowing motion.
The waterfall faucet is the best choice for homeowners who plan on achieving a spa like ambiance as the water gently falls from a wide opening creating a soothing sight and a calming sound.
Single handle faucets, also known as single lever faucets, are composed of one main spout and one handle or lever. The single lever, which can be maneuvered from left to right, controls both the flow and temperature of the water. This type of faucet may either be mounted to the deck of a sink or on top of a vanity countertop and often require only one drilled hole for installation. Single handle faucets do not require much space and can fit in an area that is about two to three inches wide.
A deck mount faucet is a type of bathroom sink faucet that is directly installed on top of the bathroom vanity countertop.
It differs from faucets which are mounted to the bathroom sink itself or installed on the wall. These often have a one handed design which controls water flow rate and temperature.
The sprinkle faucet is modern innovation in bathroom faucet design. Unlike a traditional faucet in which water is released in a cylindrical shaped spout, the sprinkle faucet uses a unique type of spout wherein the water comes out in a rectangular pattern.
Bathroom Faucet Parts
Knowing the parts of a faucet is extra handy when it comes to repairs and installation. By having an idea on how your bathroom faucet works, assembly is much easier and quicker. Below we give you a quick overview on the different parts of a bathroom faucet:
Ball faucets are a type of washerless faucet. This type of faucet only has one handle or lever for controlling the hot and cold water. The same handle also works for regulating the pressure as well as the flow rate of water – it just depends on where you position it. The handle of ball faucets rotate up and down and also move from side to side — each direction or position corresponds to what it controls.
The ball faucet is composed of different parts namely the main spout, the handle and the ball. The ball faucet’s handle controls a rotating ball, which is also known as the lever ball assembly. Found inside the faucet’s body, the lever ball assembly is composed of a system of springs and a series of inlets. When operated, the slots inside the ball are aligned with the inlet seats, controlling the amount of water flowing in the spout.
Disc faucets are also what their name suggests. This type of faucet is made up of two highly polished, perfectly flat ceramic discs. Disc faucets have a newer design and a more durable built compared to ball and compression faucets. However, it is similar to the ball faucet as it is also washerless and also has handles which move side to side and in an up and down motion. The only difference is that ball faucets rotate semi freely, but disc faucets do not have as much free motion.
Another main characteristic of the disc faucet is its large cylindrical body. It is typically wider than other types of faucets simply because its body contains the two discs inside. These discs are known as the upper and lower discs. The lower disc stays locked in place while the upper disc moves when the handle rotates. When the faucet is opened, the upper disc separates from the lower disc, and the gap in between is where the water passes. When the faucet is not in use, the lower and upper discs are pressed together and form a watertight seal – blocking any drop of water from flowing. Just like the ball faucet, the disc faucet is a washerless type of faucet.
If ball faucets are operated using a rotating ball, and disc faucets are made up of two discs, then cartridge faucets are, as its name suggests, made up of a cartridge. Cartridge faucets have a hollow metal cartridge inside its body. The cartridge controls the flow of the water – it blocks water from both hot and cold sources when not in use. While when the faucet is opened, the cartridge is pushed forward and unseals the waterlines, allowing the water to flow freely. To control the temperature,the cartridge rotates slightly, blocking either the hot or the cold water inlets. This type of bathroom faucet is washerless
Cartridge faucets can either have one or two handles. It operates in a very simple, easy and smooth motion and there is no need to rotate the handles in order to control the water flow. In single handle cartridge faucets, the “on” and “off” switches are controlled by moving the handle up and down, while the temperature is adjusted by moving the handle side to side. It is easier to operate than compression faucets.
Known as the oldest type of faucet mechanism, the compression faucet requires the most effort to use. All compression faucets are composed of two separate handles which control the hot and cold water. They operate by means of turning or rotating the handles manually – simply loosen it for water to flow or tighten it to stop the water.
Unlike the three types of faucets mentioned earlier, the compression faucet relies on washers for operation. The handles of a compression faucet connect to two stem assemblies, one for each handle, which are made up of screws which washers. When the handles are operated, these stem assemblies move down to the valve seat, compressing it, thus water flow is stopped. On the other hand, the washer rises and pressure from compression is removed, allowing the water to flow through the faucet.
Bathroom Faucet Sizes
Not all faucet types work with every sink, so it’s important to make sure the faucet you choose will fit your sink or basin. Knowing the standard sizes of bathroom faucet and the provisions for each type comes in handy when selecting the right one for your home.
Here are the answers to the most frequently asked questions about faucet sizes:
Are all bathroom faucets the same size? The size of bathroom faucets vary. When we say “size” of a faucet, this often refers to its height. The standard height of bathroom faucets range from an average of 3 inches to 13 inches. In terms of length, bathroom faucets are typically 12 to 16 inches long.
What is the standard faucet hole size? The type of bathroom faucet you use will determine the number of holes that needs to be drilled in your sink or vanity. Standard faucet drillings may either be centerset, widespread or single hole. The number of holes ranges from zero, one , two and three – zero for wall mounted types, one for single hole bathroom faucets, and three for those with double handles.
Standard bathroom faucets and taps generally require a hole with a minimum diameter of 22 millimeters. Sensor activated faucets and touchless bathroom faucets, on the other hand, need a provision of 28 millimeter diameter hole in a sink or vanity counter. In some cases, a 25 millimeter hole would also work for some touchless models. Single hole faucets which usually incorporate a monobloc mixer that combines both hot and cold water supplies into one piece, often require a drilled hole of 32 millimeters in diameter.
The standard “spread” or the total measurement of the distance between the holes in the sink or vanity counter ranges from 4 inches to 8 inches. For faucets with a singular plate, allot at least 6 inches of space fo the design. Bathroom faucets that have separate parts and pieces will take at least 3 to 4 inches of distance in between each item — meaning, 3 to 4 inches in between the cold water handle and the main spout, and 3 to 4 inches in between the hot water handle and the main spout.
Standard widespread faucets measure between 8 to 16 inches on center.
How do you measure a bathroom sink faucet? When measuring a bathroom faucet, take note of the “inches on center” principle, meaning, the measurement of the distance is taken from center to center of the holes on the sink or a vanity counter.
For example, if your bathroom sink has three drilled holes, measure the distance from the center of the hole on the left to the center of the hole on the right. The resulting number will determine the type of faucet that you will be using. A quick guide will be:
Distance of less than 6 inches = centerset, mini spread or 4 inch spread faucet
Distance of 6 inches and more = widespread faucet, 8 inch spread faucet
What does 4 inch centerset mean? Most centerset bathroom faucets are often referred to as as 4-inch centerset. This simply refers to the measurement of the distance between the faucet’s handles. Four inch centerset bathroom faucets require three holes, which are drilled at 4 inches apart. This type of faucet is also often referred to as a “4 inch minispread bathroom faucet”.
The distance of the holes for a 4 inch centerset bathroom faucet is measured center to center — or between the center points of the two outer holes in the sink or vanity counter.
What is an 8 inch faucet spread? An 8 inch spread faucet is a type of bathroom faucet that is intended for use in sinks or vanity counters that have three pre-drilled holes that are eight inches apart. The three holes are for installing three pieces – the tap and the hot and cold handles.
Bathroom Faucet Cost
Generally speaking, bathroom faucets are inexpensive, and fortunately, even the average cost of replacing and installing bathroom faucets are low. Whether you are adding one for a new project or replacing an old worn out piece, it is considered to be a simple job which requires minimal effort and materials, thus wouldn’t cost you that much. Due to the fact that bathroom faucets are inexpensive, some homeowners opt to replace them every five years or so.
The average cost of bathroom faucets ranges anywhere between $100 to $200 for the traditional type. But options which have added features, special finishes and more elaborate designs will, of course, set you back a little more, falling in between $200 to $300. In general, bathroom faucets cost less than kitchen faucets, both material and installation wise.
Cost depending on types, brand , finish and features
There is a large variety of bathroom faucets available in the market, categorized according to their type, mechanism, material, configuration, finish and feature. Materials are also very diverse – ranging from metals, alloys to plastic. Each of this factor affects the price of a bathroom faucet. Here is a look on the average cost of bathroom faucets for each category:
Cost depending on design
- Cross handle faucets – Cross handle bathroom faucets are those that feature the “X” design. These are inexpensive and typically costs a minimum of $10, however, the high end models can go up to $900 a piece.
- Knob type faucet – The knob type is an older design for bathroom faucets and its price runs between $10 and $150.
- Lever type faucet – Lever type faucets cost a minimum of $30 and can go up to $200, but you can still find high end options with special handles and their price can go all the way up to $1,000.
- Joystick bathroom faucets – Joystick faucets have a simple design and its price range from $50 to $400.
- Push Button bathroom faucets – Because of the difficulty of installing push button faucets, this type of bathroom faucet cost more than other and typically have a minimum cost of $100.
- Touchless bathroom faucet – High quality and innovative, touchless bathroom faucets fal on the high end spectrum of bathroom faucets and its price start at $150.
Cost depending on type and configuration
- Bridge faucets – Bridge faucets cost more than other types of faucet because of its elaborate design. Its price can run anywhere from $200 to $300.
- Wall mounted faucet – Wall mounted faucets are more expensive than deck type faucets and typically costs $200. Since they are more complicated to install, wall mounted faucets also incur more labor costs and material costs, especially when it comes to customizing your plumbing to accommodate it.
Cost depending on brand
There are hundreds of bathroom faucet manufacturers in the market and these brands may either be classified into low end, mid range and high end options. Here are some of the most popular brands of bathroom faucets and their average cost ranges:
- Peerless: $15 to $200
- Premier Faucet: $25 to $200
- Kraus: $50 to $400
- Kokols USA: $50 to $400
- Danze: $50 to $600
- Hansgrohe: $100 to $2,000 (high end range)
Cost depending on the material and finish
The finish and color of the bathroom faucet also play a key role in its cost. The finish also determines the material composition of the faucet, thus affecting its overall price. Here is a look on the average prices of bathroom faucets based on their finish and material:
- Chrome: $5 – $2,000 (least expensive of all bathroom faucet finishes)
- Bronze: $10 – $900
- Nickel: $10 – $2,000
- Brass: $300 – $1,000
- Black: $50 – $500
- Gold: $500 – $800 (most expensive of all bathroom faucet finishes)
Bathroom Faucet Installation Costs
The average for total installation costs of bathroom faucets, including labor and materials is about $250, depending on several factors.
- Labor – If you will be hiring a professional to install your bathroom faucet, expect to pay between $150 and $450 for their fees. A plumber who completes the job in less than two hours would typically charge $200 on the average. Asie from the labor costs, there are other factors too which may affect the total installation cost of your bathroom faucet.
Bathroom Faucet Finishes
Here are some of the most common bathroom faucet finishes available in the market:
Stainless steel is best known for its sharp look and bold aesthetic. But not only is it prized for its appearance but also for its extreme durability and high quality. Stainless steel bathroom faucets are probably the most hard wearing of all faucet finishes. In general, stainless steel is much better than chrome in terms of resistance and endurance. It has a stylish look which is perfect for contemporary and modern style bathrooms.
Pros: Having the ability to retain its appearance for years, stainless steel bathroom faucets are also corrosion and rust resistant. Although not fully stain resistant, maintenance is easy and any water spots or marks can be cleaned with just a cloth. It can also be polished easily and is proven to be very hygienic.
Cons: Stainless steel bathroom faucets are not offered by all faucet manufacturers and those that sell them at a higher cost. In general, stainless steel faucets cost more than bathroom faucets that have chrome, black, white or brass finish.
Zinc bathroom faucets
Zinc is a type of metal alloy, made by combining tin and lead. In terms of appearance, zinc bathroom faucets have a shiny look and a color which is somewhat similar to stainless steel. This type of bathroom faucet finish suits a majority of bathroom interior styles but works best with modern and contemporary bathrooms.
Pros: Zinc faucets are among the cheapest finishes for bathroom faucets. If you are working on a budgeted bathroom remodeling project, zinc faucets can save you a lot of money.
Cons: While zinc faucets may be the cheapest, they are also the least durable. It is not stain resistant, not rust proof and it corrodes when it is in contact with water. As soon as the plating wears off, zinc faucets must be replaced. So if you are looking for a bathroom faucet which can withstand the wear and tear of daily use, then this is not your best option.
Oil rubbed bronze bathroom faucet
If you are looking for a bathroom faucet finish with a traditional look and feel, then oil rubbed bronze is the best finish for you. Its aesthetic is a a perfect match for bathrooms with a classic setting. It is also well suited with Tuscan or Mediterranean inspired bathroom interiors.
Pros : Oil rubbed bronze bathroom faucets have a unique aesthetic quality, making them a great alternative for brushed nickel and chrome finished bathroom hardware. It is highly durable and easy to maintain and clean as it does not show any fingerprints or watermarks.
Design wise, oil rubbed bronze is easy to match with accessories and bathroom fixtures, so it is easy to work around with the color palette of your bathroom. It can either be matched with other brass items or it can be used as an accent. What’s even better is oil rubbed bronze finish items , in general, are widely available in the market. So aside from a bathroom faucet, you can buy classic cabinet knobs for your bathroom sink and a stunning light switch plate to match the aesthetic.
Cons : The only drawback of oil rubbed bronze finish faucets is that it is more expensive compared to other finishes such as brushed nickel and chrome.
Brass bathroom faucet
There are two types of brass finish for faucets available in the market, namely (1) polished brass and (2) satin brass. Polished brass is one of the highly favored finishes for classic bathroom settings because of its exceptional timeless shiny gold like color. It is typically used for bathroom interiors with a vintage look and feel. Satin brass, on the other hand, has the same timeless look, but instead of being shiny it has a brushed gold like color. It has a more subtle appearance but still has the same bold aesthetic which can bring in a lot of class to a bathroom interior.
Polished brass finish bathroom faucets are highly suited for classic and traditional bathroom settings, but it also goes well with eclectic and modern themed interiors. Its satin counterpart is also a good go to for traditional style bathrooms, but because of its “tamed” look, it can also be a perfect match for modern and contemporary settings.
Pros: Polished brass finish is highly durable and its shiny appearance makes it easy to clean. It is also easy to match with other bathroom fixtures, hardware and accessories. Since it is considered to be an all time favorite, polished brass bathroom faucets are easy to find in the market. Satin brass finish also has the same durability. Because of its matte appearance, fingerprints and water spots are not as highly visible as compared to with a shiny finish. It also works as a great accent color.
Cons: Brass finish bathroom faucets are generally more expensive than other other finishes, such as chrome and brushed nickel.But between the polished and satin varieties, the latter will set you back a greater amount. Unlike polished brass finish bathroom faucets which are easy to find, satin brass finish bathroom faucets are bit of a challenge to look for in the market. Satin brass is also a bit more difficult to match with other accessories, hardware and fixtures.
Chrome bathroom faucet
Chrome is known to be the most popular finish for bathroom faucets. Its sharp color gives it high versatility and makes it a perfect match for al styles of bathroom interiors.
Pros : Chrome is the most inexpensive finish for bathroom faucets. But despite not costing a lot, it it highly durable and very easy to clean. You can also find chrome finish bathroom faucets easily in home improvement stores and manufacturers. As mentioned, its high versatility makes it a perfect match for any style and theme, and it is easy to match with accessories, hardware and other fixtures.
Cons: Despite being easy to clean, one drawback of chrome bathroom faucets is it shows water spots and fingerprints more easily. So if you are very particular with marks and maintaining a spotless sheen on your faucet, you might have to wipe it every now and then.
Black bathroom faucet
One bathroom faucet finish which continues to pick up steam nowadays is Black. Black bathroom faucets often come in a matte finish.
Pros: Black goes with everything, and there is no doubt that this bathroom faucet finish will match easily with any color palette and style. It is also very versatile and can go well with most accessories, sink counters, vanities, hardware and accent pieces. In addition, black bathroom faucets give out a classy vibe and a bold statement. It works best for modern and eclectic style bathrooms, but with the right style of faucet, can also go well with farmhouse themed bathrooms.
Another advantage of using black bathroom faucets is easy maintenance. Its dark color has the ability to mask fingerprints and water spots.
Cons: Unlike other bathroom faucet finishes like chrome and brass which are easy to find in the market, the options for black bathroom faucets are quite limited and are hard to find. It also costs more compared to nickel and chrome.
Brushed nickel bathroom faucet
Nickel has a darker color than chrome and it’s a good option for homeowners who prefer a smooth a shiny finish for their bathroom faucet. Nickel, in general, has two popular finishes, brushed and polished. Brushed nickel has a soft metallic color and a more subtle appearance compared to its polished counterpart. Brushed nickel bathroom faucets can be used for almost any style of bathroom interior whether it may be traditional, contemporary or modern.
Pros: Brushed nickel bathroom faucets offer a lot of possibilities when it comes to design because it can pair well with almost any color and type of accessories and fixture. Aside from its versatility, one notable characteristic of brushed nickel bathroom faucets is its high durability.
Compared to chrome, nickel will practically stay the same throughout the years, showing no signs of wearing and keeping its finish and appearance. Brushed nickel bathroom faucets also do not show water spots and fingerprints easily because of its matte color. Although they cost more than chrome, brushed nickel bathroom faucets are generally inexpensive.
Cons: Brushed nickel bathroom faucet has the tendency to blend in with other fixtures and accessories, so if you are looking to make a bold statement in your bathroom, then this may not be the best option. Also, if you are planning to use it with stainless steel accessories, brushed nickel bathroom faucets will not coordinate well.
Bathroom Faucet Designs & Additional Features
Below is a list of common bathroom faucets designs and additional features:
Cross handle bathroom faucet
Cross handle faucets are those that feature an “X” shaped handle. This type of faucet is simple and easy to use – just turn the x shaped knobs to allow the water the flow or to stop it. Cross handle faucets come in single and double handle designs.
Touchless bathroom faucet
Touchless bathroom faucets are innovative and more modern. This type of bathroom faucet is also sometimes referred to as an automatic faucet, sensor faucet, motion sensing faucet, hands-free faucet, touchless faucet, electronic faucet or infrared faucet. It is more commonly found in public restrooms, specifically in hotels and airports.
Compared to traditional bathroom faucets which typically require turning a knob, lever or joystick to operate, this type of bathroom faucet operates without the need to touch it. Touchless bathroom faucets are equipped with proximity sensors , often incorporating active infrared devices, that detect the presence of hands. Once the hands hit the sensors, it automatically opens the faucet valves to release water flow, and it closes the valves again to shut down the water once hands are no longer detected.
Most touchless bathroom faucets are battery operated. This design is supposed to control and reduce water consumption significantly. (See this sensor faucet at Amazon)
Waterfall bathroom faucet
Designed to mimic the natural flow of water, waterfall bathroom faucets are soothing to both the eyes and the ears. This type of faucet is commonly used to achieve a spa like feel in the home.
Unlike traditional types of faucet which usually has an aerated hole in the spout, waterfall faucets have bigger openings, often rectangular or curved in shape.
Bathroom vessel sink faucets
Vessel faucets are tall faucets which are specifically designed to be paired with vessel sinks and basins. This type of faucet clear the high rim of a vessel type sink.The height of bathroom vessel sink faucets typically range from 4 inches and above. Most bathroom vessel sink faucets feature a simple single handle design which makes them easy to use.
In addition to their easy operation, bathroom vessel sink faucets also have a more sophisticated look because of their height. Installation of bathroom vessel sink faucets is also more easy because most of the vessel sinks already have pre drilled holes as provision.
How to Replace a Bathroom Sink Faucet
Replacing a bathroom faucet is an easy to moderate job and can be undertaken as a DIY remodel project. It can take almost an hour to finish the task and may cost anywhere between $60 to $160. Check out our comprehensive guide on how to replace your bathroom sink faucet.
Some other considerations when replacing a bathroom sink faucet:
- Access is more tricky when replacing a bathroom faucet as compared to installing new one because with the former, you are working with an existing bathroom counter and a sink which is already mounted in place, so chances are, you will be working underneath the cabinet and your work space is limited.
- Replacing an old faucet is also an opportune time to check other parts and fittings in your bathroom sink, so if there are any water supply tubes which are old and corroded, this is a good time to replace them.
- adjustable wrench
- Basin wrench
- Putty knife
- new faucet
- safety glasses
- work gloves
- plumber’s putty
- plumber’s tape
- Silicone caulk
- flexible water line extension (two per faucet)
Steps to replace a bathroom faucet:
Determine the type of faucet you have. Identifying the existing type of faucet you have is the most crucial step because each type of faucet requires different tools and varies in terms of installation. Understanding the type of faucet that you have will also help you get an idea on how you’ll work around. Also, a little extra research on you faucet type can go a long way in DIY projects like this.
Note all existing connections and the space you have above and under your sink. Again, this will give you an overview on how you put back everything into their respective places later on.
Purchase a new faucet that matches the type of the existing faucet that you have. If you wish to, you can go with a different type of bathroom faucet, however matching your existing faucet with the same type will make installation easier as there will be no need to adjust holes or drill new ones. You can also use this opportunity to check your existing water flexible lines, p traps, sink drain and other fittings so you can also replace them if needed.
Declutter your working area by removing all of the items above and under your sink. As a precautionary measure, place a bucket underneath the bathroom sink and lay down rags before you remove the old faucet. This will catch any remaining water later on when you start disassembling.
Assemble all the parts you need. After picking out and purchasing your new bathroom faucet, prepare everything you need. Assemble all the parts such as the fittings and hardware. Prepare installation specifications and double check if your existing water line matches the end of your new faucet. Keeping everything at hand enables you to finish the work faster. This will also save you from taking multiple trips to the store which sometimes cause delay to get the job done.
Turn off the water supply. The “on and off witch” of your bathroom sink’s water supply is a small wall valve located under it. Shut it off to prevent flooding and to avoid further damage. Once the valves are closed, turn on the faucet to remove any residual pressure.
Remove the water supply connections. Use an adjustable wrench and turn into a clockwise motion to loosen the water supply connection. Once loose, you can use your hand to remove it completely. Do not forget to catch any water that leaks with a bucket.
Remove all existing hardware. A bathroom sink faucet is typically fastened using nuts and washers. You can find all of these under the sink. Aside from this, a clamp bolt is also attached to the drain rod extension of the sink. Remove all of these existing hardware using an adjustable wrench.
Loosen the flexible extension of the faucet and remove it from the faucet. Then remove the flexible extension from the shutoff valve. Drain any excess water in the bucket
Remove the old faucet.Once all the hardware which secures the faucet are removed, slowly pull out the faucet from the top. If the faucet does not move easily due to corrosion or if it is sticky, try applying more pressure when lifting it up. You can also apply some WD40 to loosen it.
Clean the area around the old faucet. Remove any old plumber’s putty or silicone caulk using a knife.
Mock assemble your new faucet. A mock up of the assembly of your new faucet will give you a better visual of its actual installation. This is particularly helpful if you are working underneath the sink and things are not as visible.As mentioned earlier, keep your manual ready and consult and double check it as needed.
Install your new faucet. Fit new faucet into the hole in the bathroom sink. Assemble according to the instruction manual. The typical arrangement on top of the sink would be the faucet, plumber’s putty or gasket, then underneath the sink would be a large washer or saddle and a mounting nut. If needed, take a small piece of plumber’s putty and mold it into a ¼ inch diameter rope. Apply the putty around the base of the new faucet and tighten the mounting nut and washers below the faucet using an adjustable wrench to secure it in place.
Connect the mixing valves. If you are using a single-hole faucet,there is no need to assemble the mixing valves as it only comes in one piece. Typically, this step is done by tightening a large nut and washer from below the bathroom sink and a large washer and clip on top of the sink. You can use an adjustable wrench to adjust the tightness of the nuts and washers. Make sure to position the valves in the right place, hot on the left and cold on the right.
Reconnect the water supply tubes. Attach hoses to the tailpiece of the faucet. One hose goes to the hot water valve and the other goes into the cold water valve. Tighten the nut by hand by turning in a clockwise motion, then finish it off with a basin wrench. Once the hoses are attached to the tailpieces of the faucet, attach them to the water supply using an adjustable wrench. Remember not to over tighten your connections.
Reinstall the drain rod and the drain pipe. Reinstall the drain rod to the extension by unscrewing the pivot nut, placing the drain rod inside the hole and tightening back the nut. After this, screw on the drain pipe.
Test your new faucet. Turn on the water and let it run for several minutes to see if there are any leaks. Make any necessary adjustments by tightening connections using an an adjustable wrench.
Watch this video on how to replace a bathroom faucet:
How to Install a Centerset Bathroom Faucet
The level of difficulty of installing a new faucet greatly depends on the type of faucet you will be using. But it is safe to say that installing a new one is much more easier than replacing an old one, because as most people say removing an existing faucet sometimes takes up much of the effort.
You can assemble your bathroom faucet before installing your sink, cabinet or countertop, which gives you more room to work and better access to the underside of the sink and the plumbing layout of your home.
Bathroom sinks also have different types of configurations. The number of holes drilled onto your bathroom sink (ranges from one to three holes) will help you determine the type of faucet you will be needing. It may be set up for a single piece faucet , a three hole centerset, or a wide spread faucet. A faucet, just make sure that it will fit the existing provisions of your bathroom sink.
In this step by step guide, we will be showing you how to install one of the most common bathroom faucets,the centerset faucet.
- adjustable wrench
- Basin wrench
- Putty knife
- Faucet (and other parts included)
- safety glasses
- work gloves
- plumber’s putty
- plumber’s tape
- Silicone caulk
- Thread seal tape
Steps to replace a centerset bathroom faucet:
Prepare all necessary tools and materials. Preparation is always key to an effective and hassle free workflow. Unpack your new faucet and double check if all the necessary parts are complete. Keep your instruction manual at hand as you will be needing it later on. If any pre-assembly is required, proceed with it according to the directions on the manual. Assembling and installing a bathroom faucet is easier if you work with your sink upside down. Lastly, before installation, make sure to clean the surface of your sink or vanity where your new faucet will sit. You can do this using a rag or damp soft cloth.
Fit the rubber gasket onto the faucet. A gasket is a piece of rubber or plastic that is placed in between the faucet and sink to create a watertight seal and prevent any leaks or spills from flowing down the counter or from damaging the cabinets. Put it under the bottom part of the faucet, matching the holes on the faucet’s components. This is easy because it typically just snaps into place. In some cases, faucets don’t come with a gasket – you can use plumber’s putty or apply a thin layer of sealant into the perimeter of the base of the faucet before inserting it into the sink or countertop holes.
Wrap the end of the faucet’s tail pipes and the threads with a layer of plumber’s tape. Plumber’s tape, also known as Teflon tape, is a thin, elastic white colored tape that is used to lubricate and seal plumbing fittings and components. Make sure that the tape does not extend beyond the pipe’s end.
Insert the new faucet in the mounting holes of the sink. Carefully set the faucet into position and push the faucet’s tailpiece into the mounting holes drilled in the sink. Once set, thread a washer and twist a mounting nut over the tailpiece. Do this by hand in a clockwise motion to tighten it and then finish it off with an adjustable wrench to full secure. Do the same thing for the valves and tailpipes – drop them onto their respective holes and tighten them in position using an adjustable wrench. Avoid overturning the nuts as you secure the faucet in place as this may cause damage to your sink.
Connect the water supply hose or flexible tube to the tailpieces of the faucet. First, attach the hoses to the tailpipe of the faucet. Tighten the nut by hand by turning in a clockwise motion, then finish it off with a basin wrench.
Connect the water supply hose or flexible tube to the water supply. Once the hoses are attached to the tailpieces of the faucet, attach them to the water supply shut-off valves found in the wall. Gently bend the flexible tubes. Use the same process to tighten it – turn the nuts by hand in a clockwise motion and finish it off with an adjustable wrench.
Turn on the faucet to test it. Slowly turn on the faucet and let the water run to flush out any debris. Double check if your faucet and the supply lines have any leaks.
Some important considerations:
- This simple guide is a generalized instruction for installing a bathroom sink faucet. Make sure to follow the instructions in the manual provided by the manufacturer.
- Tools may be provided with your new faucet once you purchase them. Use it wisely as it can help you save time and effort.
- Be careful not to over tighten nuts and screws.
- If going with other types of faucet, make sure to accurately measure the distance between the required holes.